The Energy Report
With demand for electric cars on the rise, Ron Struthers of Struther’s Resource Stock Report examines the lithium market and one company that he believes is in the right place.
You cannot go out and buy an electric car, if you want one. Instead you have to put
down a deposit of $1,000 and more just to get on a waiting list that could be
several months to a year long. Other than Elon Musk at Tesla (NY:TSLA), the
rest of the industry did not see this demand coming or so much of it.
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The line above is for the new Tesla
Model 3, priced around $35,000. There are three obvious reasons why
demand for electric cars (EVs) are on the rise.
- Mechanically they are much simpler with electric motors compared to combustion engines and
also add the benefits of less noise and pollution, but more torque.
- As always technology advances so in this instance the battery is going a longer
distance on a charge and the price of EVs has come down considerably.
- The biggest reason is fuel cost. If you live on the planet earth you will know the
number one thing consumers complain about is fuel costs, no matter the price.
If gasoline prices fall, it is not far enough and if prices rise, they were already
The Big 3 and automakers around the world are scrambling to ramp
up EV production and the battery manufactures are scrambling for raw materials.
This new technology wave in the auto industry is going to create huge demand for a
handful of different metals, in particular for the lithium ion batteries. This
next chart from Bloomberg shows the projected demand and makes today’s
consumption of these metals minuscule.
is too much to cover all these metals in one report so the focus for this
report is lithium.
Lithium is white hot
That has been a description for the metal but now relates to the lithium price and
The lithium sector is white hot as the focus moved from graphite to lithium over
the past few years. Now graphite prices are rising again and cobalt has joined
the battery party. I have pointed out some charts on the market in the past,
but as an example:
“During our world travels and meetings with investors, we constantly get asked where we see prices in 2017.
We have consistently answered that we do not expect a lithium price crash in 2017
and the signs are pointing to further price increases, especially in China
after Galaxy Resources signed a spodumene contract for $830-905/tonneway up
from the ~$650/tonne peaks in 2016.” Benchmark Minerals
Finding the price of lithium is not cut and dried. There are prices for lithium
carbonate or hydroxide and spodumene mentioned above. Some prices are quoted in
Kg and others per tonne. There is China prices and prices vary depending on the grade of
lithium. In general battery-grade Lithium is about double the price shown in
the chart above. No matter how you measure the price, they are way up
with new record highs in May of this year with prices up another 15% to 20% in
One issue is that four producers control 85% of supply and are the big influence on
“This oligopoly poses a real challenge for Tesla, will need about 27,000 tons of lithium carbonate a
year to reach its sales target of 500,000 vehicles a year by the end of 2018.
That equates to 16% of global consumption last year, Macquarie estimates.”
For some more background on lithium and this quote see Fortune article
Beyond a doubt the lithium market is white hot and one of the hottest commodities going.
For investors one of the difficulties is there is no good direct investments. The four big producers derive their income from so many other sources they are not great proxies on lithium, and while lithium
funds and ETFs own these, their holdings also include a lot of other battery
and EV related stocks, so they are not a very direct proxy on lithium;
nevertheless, lithium ETF ‘LIT’ has been hot too.
So the focus of many and mine has turned to the juniors that are exploring and trying to develop new lithium projects. Many of these have been heavily promoted and have seen wild price swings. Shorts have
jumped on to some of these and were spewing fears that lithium prices would
Here are price charts of two fairly well known juniors.
Lithium X (LIX) and Critical Elements (CRE).
Lithium X has a market cap around $160 million and Critical Elements about $245 million.
Lithium projects can either be brine operations that use wells to pump and bring a
solution to surface or typical hard rock mining.
Pure Energy (PE) is exploring its lithium brine project in Nevada.
The company just completing its 8th exploration hole and now has a
market cap of about $35 million. It also just acquired some Nevada claims from
Lithium X, expanding on another project there.
Dajin Resources (DJI) has early exploration properties in Nevada and has optioned out
its Argentina properties and now has a market cap of about $17 million.
Recently it made an agreement with Geothermal Development to joint develop some
of its Nevada claims.
Critical Elements (CRE) have hard rock lithium known as spodumene pegmatite, not a brine
The company’s Rose lithium-tantalum project in Quebec hosts a current indicated
resource of 26.5 million tonnes of 1.3% lithium oxide equivalent, or 0.98% Li2O
and 163 parts per million Ta2O5, and an inferred resource of 10.7 million tonnes of 1.14% Li2O Eq, or 0.86% Li2O and
145 parts per million Ta2O5. In September the company announced a feasibility study with a pre-tax NPV 8% of $1.257 billion and an IRR of 48.2%.
Its Lemare lithium project in Quebec, Canada, is optioned out to an Australian
CRE’s market cap is about $245 million.
Rock Tech Lithium (RCK) also has a hard rock pegmatite at its 100%-owned Georgia Lake
lithium property in the Thunder Bay mining district of Ontario, Canada.
It is probably the best comparison to Quantum (see below) because the situation
and size and scope of the project is very similar to QMC.
The company just released the first batch of channel sample assay results from its
recently completed exploration program. They ranged 1% to 1.6% over 1 to 6
metres. It released seven drill hole results end of June with the best at 11.65
meters of 1.53% Li2O. A second zone with another seven holes seen
the best results as 5.03 meters of 2.76% Li2O .
The McVittie pegmatite, located south of the Nama Creek pegmatite, was the focus of
a drill program conducted in 1955 and 1956. In total, 12 holes were drilled
totaling 1,093 metres leading to a historical resource estimate of 236,775 tonnes
grading 1.03%lithium oxide (Li2O ) (Pye, 1965).
RCK’s market cap is about $40 million.
Ultra Lithium (ULI) also has a hard rock lithium project in the Georgia Lake area and
a brine project in Nevada and one in Argentina, all are at early stage
exploration. The company drilled four holes on its Georgia Lake project and in
July reported the best result as 5 meters of 1.42% Li2O.
Current market cap is about $13 million.
Frontier (FL) has 100% in the Pakeagama Lake pegmatite in Red Lake Ontario. The
Pak deposit is one of the highest-grade lithium mineral resources in North
America and has a current measured and indicated resource of 7.89 million
tonnes of 1.73% lithium oxide equivalent, or 1.58% lithium oxide and 104 parts
per million tantalum pentoxide, and an inferred resource of 295,600 tonnes of
1.35% lithium oxide equivalent, or 1.20% lithium oxide and 103 parts per
million tantalum pentoxide, which has technical-grade/ceramic-grade spodumene with
low inherent iron (below 0.1% iron oxide).
The deposit has adjacent zones that are enriched in tantalum and rubidium. Frontier
is also evaluating the phased co-production of tantalum and mica product
concentrates once lithium mineral production has been commercialized. The
company started a prefeasibility study this year and results are forthcoming.
FL’s market cap is $60 million.
I have been patiently waiting for the right lithium play to come around but at a
cheap price or good value, and finally patience has paid off. Now I think the
timing is right to purchase or add to positions in the market.
Quantum Minerals,TSX.V:QMC, OTC:QMCQF C$0.21
Shares outstanding 41 million
52-week trading range $0.02 to $0.215
What I like about Quantum Minerals Corp. (QMC:TSX.V; QMCQF:OTC; 3LQ:FSE) is its project is in Canada and is at an advanced stage, so exploration risk is very little. In fact, there is already a shaft sunk on
the historical deposit with development drifts and crosscuts.
And the valuation is very low at less than $7 million, simply because it is not well known yet. I met the CEO of the company.
Balraj Mann, at PDAC in March this year and went over all the details.
Balraj Mann, CPA. CA., CEO, President & Director
is a Chartered Accountant with over 34 years of experience in Corporate
Finance, acquisitions, and financial reporting, serving as a director and
advisor for both public and private companies.
Mr. Mann was a Senior Manager with Price
Waterhouse and attained his designation with the same firm in 1982. From 1989
to 2001 he was president of a private real estate development corporation
completing industrial, commercial, single and multi-family high-rise
residential projects in excess of $200 million. During this time, Mr. Mann was
also an active participant in the corporate management of the Boundary Bay Airport
in Delta, BC. He was a member of the advisory board of Accelerate Power Systems
Inc, formerly Key Capital Group Inc., from 2000 to 2001. Over a period of six
years, from 2006 to 2012, Mr. Mann had served as the CFO Director, and Senior
Advisor of Business Development at Eagle Star Minerals Corp.
Bruce E. Goad, P. Geol., M.Sc. has 40 years of experience
in mineral exploration, starting his career with AMAX Minerals/Canamax
Resources. Subsequently, he worked as an independent contract geologist for
numerous companies ultimately starting up Inukshuk Exploration Inc., his own
exploration consulting company in 1990. As the former president of Inukshuk
Exploration Inc. prior of its sale to WPC Resources, Mr. Goad focused primarily
on evaluating projects and managing grass roots mineral exploration, which
includes precious, base, industrial and rare metal projects.
The extent of his experience is global having
worked on and numerous projects throughout Canada, China, Zimbabwe, Kalimantan
and Argentina and Panama. He has work on numerous deposit styles including
porphyry, banded iron formation (BIF) gold deposits, skarn, greisens, rare
element pegmatites, VMS, and he has had a sharp focus on exploration for gold
deposits. In the past, Mr. Goad has served as a director with Pan Global
Kevin Ernst, B.A., M.B.A., CIMA
Advisor is CEO of Ernst Capital Partners Inc., and was previously Managing Partner of Grandview
Capital Inc., a boutique investment banking firm. Prior to this, Mr. Ernst
served as Managing Director, Global Corporate Client Group, NYSE Euronext. He
was responsible for increasing NYSE Euronext’s presence through new business
development in Canada, Europe and Asia.
Jim Dawson, P.Eng., Advisor is a registered
professional engineer with 40 years of hands-on fieldwork experience examining,
exploring and evaluating a wide range of geological and mineralized settings
around the globe. As a partner with Kerr, Dawson Associates Ltd. 1972-1985,
Jim participated in the discovery of the Blackdome Mine, Frasergold and Taurus
Properties in British Columbia and the Big Horn Mine in Arizona. As part of the
original Pan Ocean Team he participated in the discovery of the Lac Cinquante
uranium deposit in 1975.
Mr. Dawson has also served as president of
Dawson Geological Services Ltd since 1985. He is based in British Columbia and
is a director of Wealth Minerals Ltd. and Kivalliq Energy Corp. Previously a director
for Minefinders Corporation Ltd. which amalgamated with Pan-American Silver
Quantum has two early exploration precious
metal projects in Manitoba called Namew Lake, 23,000 hectares 100% owned in the
prominent Flin Flon/Snow Lake mining district, and Carrot River 3,073 hectares
in the greenstone belt among a number of gold deposits. Samples have returned
values up to 15.6 g/t gold and 310 g/t silver.
The company’s current focus is a new advanced
stage lithium acquisition called Irgon Lithium Mine Project.
Currently the project consists of the historical Irgon Mine.
Irgon Mine Lithium Project Highlights:
- The Irgon Mine Lithium Property hosts several
rare-metal bearing (Li, Be, (+/-Ta, +/-Cs)) pegmatites, and is located
immediately north of Cat Lake Manitoba.
- Substantial developmental work carried out by
the former property owners, the Lithium Corporation of Canada Ltd.
- Deposit contains an estimated resource of more
than 1.2M tons of spodumene-bearing pegmatite grading 1.5% Li20.
- Total area covered by the four claims is 700
hectares. Access to the property is excellent as Provincial Highway 314 in
southeast Manitoba transects the claims, approximately 150km northeast of
- Project is located just 20km north of the
nearby Tanco Mine at Bernic Lake.
The Tanco Mine went into production in 1969 and
produced tantalum, cesium and lithium concentrate. It was previously North
America’s largest and sole producer of spodumene (Li), tantalite (Ta) and
pollucite (Cs). The mine is still in production, producing cesium, and the mill
has lots of unused capacity.
The Cat Lake project covers the former Irgon
Mine and several known pegmatite dikes of which currently the largest and best
exposed is the spodumene-bearing Irgon Dike. This dike is well exposed on a
glaciated surface and strikes N80°W with a dip of 87°S. It currently has a
total exposed strike length of 442 meters and displays widths varying between 3
to 18 meters, with an average width of approximately 7 meters.
Between 1953 and 1954 the Lithium Corporation of
Canada Limited drilled 25 holes into the Irgon Dike and reported a historical
resource estimate of 1.2 million tons grading 1.51% Li20 over a strike length
of 365 meters and to a depth of 213 meters. This historical resource is
documented in a 1956 Assessment Report by Bruce Ballantyne for the Lithium
Corporation of Canada Ltd. (Manitoba Assessment Report No. 94932). This
historical estimate is believed to be based on reasonable assumptions and the
company/QP has no reason to contest the document’s relevance and reliability. A
detailed drill program will be required to update this historical resource to
current NI 43-101 standards.
The key takeaway from this historical resource is
that it comes from just part of only one of several known dikes on the
property. It starts right at surface and at this point has only been
explored/drilled down to 213 meters. Exposed dike in this pic:
Historical metallurgical tests reported an 87% recovery from which a concentrate averaging
5.9% Li2O was obtained. A complete mining plant was installed on
site designed to process 500 tons of ore per day and in addition, a
three-compartment shaft was sunk to a depth of 74 meters. On the 61 metre
level, lateral development was extended off the shaft for a total of 366 meters
of drifting; from which six crosscuts transected the dike.
The work was suspended in 1957, awaiting a more favorable market for lithium
oxides. The mine buildings were removed in 1963 and the shaft covered with a
We know there is considerable lithium on this project and it is right on surface.
On Sept. 19 QMC announced it had received the work permit to start on the
project and will now begin to strip the over burden off the lithium bearing
dike. This will allow the company to obtain representative channel samples
across the dike and then subsequently undertake a drilling program to update
this historical resource to current NI 43-101 standards.
The demand for lithium is exceptionally strong and there are already parties
interested that want to test the concentrate. The company also knows that if
the concentrate meets their needs this project could go to production quickly
with a potential mill located nearby, within easy trucking distance.
QMC recently closed a $1.1-million financing. The financing was closed in two
tranches, $825,000 on April 12, 2017, and $275,000 on May 5, 2017, for a total
of 11 million units at 10 cents per unit, where each unit consists of one
common share and one common share purchase warrant. Each whole warrant will
entitle the holder to acquire one additional common share at an exercise price
of 17 cents for a period of 18 months from closing of each tranche of the
With recent financing QMC has the budget to
update the current resource and process some bulk samples.
A lot of work can be done cheaply on surface
and subsequently underground after opening underground access in the mine and
dewatering the existing workings. At the 61 meter
level there has been 366 meters of drifting along strike, from which six
crosscuts transected the dike.
There is a mill within 20km that potentially could be used to process ore. Because
this could be fast tracked to production there is a lot of interest by third
parties in testing bulk samples. It is possible that QMC could strike some sort
of offtake agreement to finance the development to production. If that
happenedand it is an ‘IF’it would mean little share dilution.
Currently there are only 41 million shares out and at 21 cents is not even an $8.6
million market cap. This stock is cheap and represents very good value.
Rock Tech (RCK) valued at $40 million is in the same area as
Quantum and Frontier (FL) valued at $60 million is not far away in Ontario.
Both are hard rock lithium showing similar grades. Currently QMC’s historical
resource is much bigger than RCK’s and smaller than FL’s with similar grades,
so this further validates a value between $40 and $60 million.
Far Resources (FAT), valued at $26 million, also has a Manitoba
lithium project. The Zoro I Claim covers a significant lithium pegmatite
occurrence known as the “Principal Dyke.” It contains an historical “reserve”
based on 1956 drilling of 1.8 million tonnes grading 1.4% Li20, to a depth of
305m. So it is a very similar sized resource to Quantum, but it did some
drilling in 2016/17 to move towards 43-101 qualified.
I can find no good reason why the valuation of
the company will not move up in line with its peers as development work is
completed at Cat Lake.
Therefore: on the low end, a $30 million market
cap would be around $0.70 per share. At the high end, around $50 million market
cap would be about $1.20 per share. I see between $0.70 and $1.20 as a
reasonable target with lots of news flow on the horizon.
On the chart we can see two price moves, the
first in March when it acquired Cat Lake and recently when it announced work
has begun. Near term, the old high around 18 cents was resistance and the stock
just broke out above this on Oct. 10 and probably signals the next up leg. The stock
is above the 200 day MA that has turned upwards so a bullish up trend is in
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1) Ron Struthers: I, or members of my immediate household or family, own shares of the following companies mentioned in this article: Quantum Minerals. I bought shares in the private placement and on the market and currently own about 150,000 shares. I personally am, or members of my immediate household or family are, paid by the following companies mentioned in this article: None. My company has a financial relationship with the following companies referred to in this article: None. I determined which companies would be included in this article based on my research and understanding of the sector.
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(c) Copyright 2017, Struther’s Resource Stock Report
All forecasts and recommendations are based on opinion. Markets change direction with consensus beliefs, which may change at any time and without notice. The author/publisher of this publication has taken every precaution to provide the most accurate information possible. The information & data were obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but because the information & data source are beyond the author’s control, no representation or guarantee is made that it is complete or accurate. The reader accepts information on the condition that errors or omissions shall not be made the basis for any claim, demand or cause for action. Because of the ever-changing nature of information & statistics the author/publisher strongly encourages the reader to communicate directly with the company and/or with their personal investment adviser to obtain up to date information. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results. Any statements non-factual in nature constitute only current opinions, which are subject to change. The author/publisher may or may not have a position in the securities and/or options relating thereto, & may make purchases and/or sales of these securities relating thereto from time to time in the open market or otherwise. Neither the information, nor opinions expressed, shall be construed as a solicitation to buy or sell any stock, futures or options contract mentioned herein. The author/publisher of this letter is not a qualified financial adviser & is not acting as such in this publication.
Photos and graphics courtesy of the author.
( Companies Mentioned: QMC:TSX.V; QMCQF:OTC; 3LQ:FSE,